School 10 from Cluj-Napoca

The New Year

Page 2
From the year 354 BC, the 4th century, the church tried to modify this date considering the beginning of “The New Year” on December the 25th, Christmas Day.
This holiday superposed the “Holiday of the Sun” from the mythoric cult. This date was not accepted by all people. For many years they celebrated the New Year on the “1st of March “ when the nature came back to life. This “New Year “ lasted in France until the 8th century, in Russia till the 13th and in Venice till 1797. In Romania the celebration the “Old hog’s days” from the 1st to the 9th of March or “ Dochia’s Days” shows the existence of the festivity of the “New Year” at the beginning of Spring, near the vernal equinox.
In 1567 Carol the 9th’s edict settled for good the beginning of the New Year on the 1st of January, date accepted by the Western Europe in 1691. In Romania the celebration of New Year on the 1st of January was adopted only in 1701. Some holidays begin on the 25th of December and last till Epiphany.
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Drawings and text ©2000 School 10, Cluj-Napoca, Romania.